Effective microorganisms pdf
1) What is meant by Effective Microorganisms ( EM)? 2) EM- based quick composting Effective micro- organisms ( EM) consist of common and food- grade aerobic and anaerobic micro- organisms: photosynthetic bacteria, lactobacillus, streptomyces, actinomycetes, yeast, etc. 3) Preparation of EM solution. What is the abbreviation for Effective Microorganisms? Effective Microorganisms is a mixture of groups of organisms that has a reviving action on humans, animals, and the natural environment ( Higa 1995) and has also been described as a multi- culture of coexisting anaerobic and aerobic beneficial microorganisms ( EM Trading ). The main species involved in EM include:. Beneficial microorganisms cause fermentation while harmful or pathogenic microorganisms cause putrefaction. Fermentation is a process by which useful substances such as alcohol, amino acids, organic acids and antioxidants are produced. These substances are useful to man, plants, and animals. Aug 03, · effective microorganisms complement each other and are in a mutually beneficial relationship with the roots of plants in the soil ecosystem. Plants would, therefore, grow exceptionally well in soils inhabited and dominated by these effective microorganisms ( Sun et al. Effective microorganisms. Mar 10, · Effective microorganisms will increase. nutrient availability in the soil for plants. which will reduce th e need for constant.
EM comes in a liquid form and consists of a wide variety of effective, beneficial and nonpathogenic microorganisms of both aerobic and anaerobic types coexisting. EM Ceramics Effective microorganisms can be fermented and then baked in clay to form products that are known under the group name of EM ceramics. The microorganisms become an integral part of the structure of the ceramics and as they are an integral part of the ceramics their positive activity can be retained for a long time. Harmful or Pathogenic Microorganisms. Pathogenic means capable of causing disease. An actual harmful effect of a microbe to the body depends on: microbial virulence – a relative ability of a microbe to cause a disease; for example, a certain, higly virulent subtype of influenza virus may cause a bird flu, which is deadly in a high percent,.